Report of the Independent Auditor to the Members of Central Depository and Settlement Corporation Limited
Report on the financial statements
We have audited the accompanying consolidated and company financial statements of Central Depository and Settlement Corporation Limited and its subsidiaries, (collectively referred to as the ‘group’) set out on pages 29 to 68 which comprise the consolidated and company statement of financial position as at 31 December 2017, the consolidated and company statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, the consolidated and company statement of changes in equity, consolidated and company statement of cash flows for the year then ended and a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements give a true and fair view of the consolidated and company financial position of as at 31 December 2017 and of the consolidated and company financial performance and cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards and the Companies Act, 2015.
Basis for Opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (ISAs). Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are independent of the group in accordance with the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants’ Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants (IESBA Code) together with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the consolidated financial statements in Kenya and we have fulfilled our other ethical responsibilities in accordance with these requirements and the IESBA Code. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
Key Audit Matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in our audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current year. These matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the consolidated financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon and we do not provide a separate opinion on these matters.
- Recoverability of bank balances held with Chase Bank Kenya Limited (In Receivership)
As disclosed in Note 13 to the financial statements, at the reporting date the company held deposits measured at Shs. 140,328,440 included within cash and cash equivalents with Chase Bank Kenya Limited (In Receivership) which was placed under statutory management in April 2016. The directors have exercised significant judgement and estimation as detailed in accounting policy (b) whilst assessing the recoverability and measurement of these balances. Because of the significance of these judgements and the value of these balances at the reporting date, this is a key audit matter.
Our audit procedures included challenging the judgements and assumptions made by the directors in assessing the recoverability and the basis for measurement of these balances with reference to available information. We also considered the adequacy of the disclosures provided in Note 13 to the consolidated financial statements.
- Information technology (IT) systems and controls over financial reporting
The group is heavily reliant on complex IT systems. There is a risk that the controls around complex IT systems may not be designed and operating effectively.
We assessed and tested the overall design and operational effectiveness of controls over information systems that are critical to financial reporting. Where deficiencies were observed that affected application and databases within the scope of our audit, we performed additional controls and substantive procedures to determine the reliance placed on the completeness and accuracy of the system generated information.
The directors are responsible for the other information. The other information comprises the report of the directors and the schedule of expenditure but does not include the financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon, which we obtained prior to the date of this auditor’s report, and the report to shareholders, which is expected to be made available to us after that date.
Our opinion on the financial statements does not cover the other information and we do not express any form of assurance conclusion thereon.
In connection with our audit of the financial statements, our responsibility is to read the other information and, in doing so, consider whether the other information is materially inconsistent with the financial statements or our knowledge obtained in the audit, or otherwise appears to be materially misstated.
If, based on the work we have performed on the other information that we obtained prior to the date of this auditor’s report, we conclude that there is a material misstatement of this other information, we are required to report that fact. We have nothing to report in this regard.
When we read the report to shareholders, if we conclude that there is a material misstatement therein, we are required to communicate the matter to those charged with governance.
Responsibilities of Directors for the Financial Statements
The directors are responsible for the preparation of financial statements that give a true and fair view in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards and the requirements of the Companies Act, 2015 and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
In preparing the financial statements, the directors are responsible for assessing the company’s ability to continue as a going concern, disclosing, as applicable, matters related to going concern and using the going concern basis of accounting unless the directors either intend to liquidate the company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so.
Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Consolidated Financial Statements
Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with ISAs will always detect a material misstatement when it exists. Misstatements can arise from fraud or error and are considered material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of these financial statements.
As part of an audit in accordance with ISAs, we exercise professional judgement and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. We also:
- Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtain audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control.
- Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the group’s internal control.
- Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the directors.
- Conclude on the appropriateness of director’s use of the going concern basis of accounting and based on the audit evidence obtained, whether a material uncertainty exists related to events or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the company’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report. However, future events or conditions may cause the group to cease to continue as a going concern.
- Evaluate the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and whether the consolidated financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
- Obtain sufficient appropriate audit evidence regarding the financial information of the entities or business activities within the group to express an opinion on the consolidated financial statements. We are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. We remain solely responsible for our audit opinion.
We communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit.
We also provide those charged with governance with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with those charged with governance, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the consolidated financial statements of the current year and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, we determine that a matter should not be communicated in our report because the adverse consequences of doing so would reasonably be expected to outweigh the public interest benefits of such communication.
Report on other matters prescribed by the Companies Act, 2015
In our opinion the information given in the report of the directors on pages 22 and 23 is consistent with the financial statements.
The engagement partner responsible for the audit resulting in this independent auditor’s report is CPA Darshan Prabhulal Shah – P/ No. 2051.
CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS